Precautions When Using Button Bits

Table of Contents

The button bit is an indispensable tool in rock drilling engineering. It has the characteristics of high strength, high hardness, and good wear resistance. In rock drilling engineering, the function of the button bit is to drill, break, and dig into the rock. These bits find application in many scenarios, including mining ores, tunnel construction, and more. The significance of button bits in these applications is readily apparent. Consequently, it is crucial to grasp the precautions and maintenance procedures when using button bits to enhance their service life and drilling efficiency.

Precautions when using button bits

button bits

Choose the appropriate button bits

When choosing a button bit, select the appropriate model and size that aligns with the specific application and rock type. It ensures compatibility with tools like rock drills. The selection of different carbide shapes and bit sizes affects the effectiveness and efficiency of rock crushing methods. Therefore, operators should make selections based on the actual circumstances to facilitate the smooth execution of rock drilling projects.

Maintain appropriate propulsion

When drilling rock, it is necessary to maintain appropriate propulsion force and reasonably control the size and frequency of impact load to avoid excessive impact force causing damage or falling off of carbides. Over-impact load may also cause vibration and wear of the rock drill, affecting the service life of the equipment. At the same time, ensure that the drill rod and drill bit are tightly connected to prevent loosening during rock drilling.

Regularly check the wear of the drill bits

Button bits inevitably experience wear during use, so the operator needs to check the wear of the drill bit regularly. When severe wear of the carbides is detected, they should be promptly repaired or replaced. This preventive action helps prevent a decline in rock drilling efficiency and maintains product quality.

Keep cool

The rock drilling process generates substantial heat, and if the heat is not dissipated, it can lead to overheating and increased wear of the button bit. Consequently, it is necessary to use cooling water during the rock drilling to cool the bit and maintain its optimal performance. This practice helps ensure the button bit’s normal functioning and prolongs its lifespan.

Installation and disassembly

When installing the button bit, it’s crucial to ensure a secure and tight connection with the rock drill to prevent it from falling off during construction. When it comes to disassembling the button bit, follow these precautions:

  • Stop the machine first.
  • Allow the button bit to cool in the air for some time before disassembly. This cooling period is essential to prevent damage to the equipment caused by thermal disassembly. Proper disassembly procedures safeguard the equipment and the button bit for prolonged use.

Usage environment

Button bits are suitable for most rock drilling projects, but in some specific environments, such as high temperatures and corrosive environments, the use of the drill bit will be affected. In this case, it is necessary to take corresponding protective measures, such as selecting high-temperature and corrosion-resistant drill bit materials.

Care and maintenance of button bits

button bits

Regular inspection

Regularly checking for wear and ensuring the tightness of button bits is essential during use. If you notice that the carbide buttons are loose or significantly worn, it’s imperative to replace them promptly. Additionally, it’s crucial to inspect the connection parts of the rock drill to guarantee that they are secure and reliable. The behavior of maintaining the efficiency and safety of rock drilling operations involves a series of measures aimed at sustaining their effectiveness over time.

Regular lubrication

Regular lubrication and maintenance of button bits are vital for minimizing friction and wear. Typically, grease or lubricating oil is applied to coat the surface of the carbide button to ensure proper lubrication. This practice helps extend the lifespan of the button bits and maintains their efficiency during rock drilling operations.

Regular cleaning

During rock drilling, coolant and cuttings easily adhere to the surface of the button bit, and long-term accumulation will affect its heat dissipation and lubrication effects. To maintain optimum performance, it is significant to routinely clean the surface of button bits to remove any attachments.

Timely grinding and replacement

When carbide buttons on the button bit exhibit significant wear, they should be repaired or replaced promptly. During the grinding process, it’s essential to use professional grinding tools and wheels to avoid excessive grinding that may diminish the strength of carbide buttons. When replacing, opt for a new drill bit with the same shape and size as the original to ensure the smooth progress of the rock drilling project.

As an efficient rock drilling tool, button bits boast a lengthy service life and excellent drilling efficiency when used and maintained correctly. In practical applications, it’s significant to carefully select suitable materials and employ the appropriate operating methods to prolong the service life of button bits and enhance drilling efficiency. Additionally, adhering to safety guidelines and prioritizing personal safety is essential to prevent accidents during rock drilling operations.

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