Requirements for Rock Drilling Tools in Mine Roadway Excavation

Table of Contents

Most of the mineral resources are buried deep underground. When the open pit or surface minerals are mined out, and you want to continue digging, you need to go deep underground and do underground mining. At this time, it is necessary to drill various pathways between the surface and the ore body for ore transportation, ventilation, drainage, and pedestrian. These access roads are widely known as mine tunnels. Mine roadway excavation is an important part of mining resource exploitation. In the process of mining tunnel excavation, rock drilling tools are indispensable tools. They play a crucial role in the drilling process of rock. To ensure the smooth progress and safety of mining operations, the requirements for rock drilling tools have become particularly important.

rock drilling tools

Selection of rock drilling tool materials

Modern hydraulic rock drills provide powerful power for rock drilling tools. During the working, rock drilling tools are subjected to strong compressive stress, tensile stress, thread wear, friction and heat, and scouring from rocks. Therefore, the material of rock drilling tools should have high strength, toughness, and good wear resistance.

① Sturdiness. To achieve minimum energy loss and ideal drilling straightness, good robustness and reasonable rock drilling tools size are required.

② Fatigue resistance. Rock drilling tools are subjected to great compressive and tensile stresses at very high frequencies during the working, so they require extremely high fatigue resistance.

③High strength. Working with a high-power rock drill, it requires a very high strength for rock drilling tools to minimize the possibility of breakage of rock drill tools.

④ High wear resistance. For rock drilling tools, high wear resistance ensures a higher service life for thread. It is especially true for carbide part of rock drill bit.

rock drill bit

Design of rock drilling tools

In underground rock drilling, drilling characteristics are very critical, so this needs to be considered when designing rock drilling tools. Drilling characteristics mainly include the following aspects.

①Drilling diameter. The selection of hole diameter needs to comprehensively consider the size of roadway, the specification of drilling jumbo, the power of rock drill, the depth of hole, the blasting method, and the hardness of rock. To sum up, the selection of hole diameter mainly needs to consider the number of holes in the working face, the number of blasting, the drilling accuracy and the size of rock-breaking particles, the requirements for roadway support, and the requirements for the number of shotcretes.

② Hole depth. Before designing and laying holes, the depth of drilling needs to be considered comprehensively. To realize the ideal balance of drilling depth and rock drilling shifts, it is also necessary to comprehensively consider rock conditions, work plans, and shift arrangements. In roadway operations, one of the most important objectives is to achieve maximum single roadway feed.

③Verticality of the hole. Many factors affect the straightness of a hole, and drilling accuracy and drilling speed are important factors to achieve higher productivity. Therefore, good quality of drilling is as important as the number of holes per hour. An ideal vertical hole allows for better blasting efficiency.

The manufacturing process of rock drilling tools

Manufacturing rock drilling tools requires exquisite craftsmanship, including smelting, forging, heat treatment, and other links. Each link has a significant impact on the quality and performance of the final product.

Smelting: it is necessary to ensure that the molten steel is of high purity and free of impurities to reduce wear and breakage during the rock drilling tools use.

Forging: high-temperature forging gives the steel material a definite shape and properties. The forging process requires control of temperature and time to avoid cracks or uneven properties.

Heat treatment: improve the hardness and wear resistance of rock drilling tools through heat treatment. At the same time, it is also necessary to control the temperature and time to avoid excessive heat treatment causing embrittlement of rock drilling tools.

Other requirements

Slagging

Effective slagging is indispensable for efficient drilling speed. On the contrary, it will reduce service life of rock drilling tools, accelerate the wear of rock drilling equipment, and reduce drilling speed and drilling accuracy. In short, if effective slagging cannot be achieved, the economy of whole operation will be greatly reduced.

Expansion

During roadway drilling and blasting operations, a 64-127 mm diameter slotted hole is used in the center. Smaller holes of 35-45 mm are drilled before the operation to ensure the accuracy of trenching holes and to reduce the consumption of rock drilling tools. The main objective is to obtain space for blast expansion in advance to achieve better blasting results and effective depth.

During the excavation process of mine tunnels, the selection and use of rock drilling tools directly affect the efficiency and quality of excavation. To ensure the safety and smooth progress of mining operations, we should put forward strict requirements for rock drilling tools. At the same time, it is also crucial to strengthen the training and education of operators to improve their skill levels and safety awareness. Only in this way can we better meet the needs of mine tunnel excavation and ensure the safety and efficiency of mining operations.

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