How to Evaluate the Performance and Service Life of Rock Drill Bits?

Table of Contents

In engineering fields such as mining and tunnel excavation, rock drill bits are critical tools, and their performance and service life directly affect work efficiency and cost control. Therefore, it is crucial to understand and master the method of evaluating the performance and service life of rock drill bits. This article provides a comprehensive overview of the critical factors involved in assessing the performance and longevity of rock drill bits. It aims to assist you in making informed decisions during practical applications.

Performance parameters of rock drill bits

rock drill bits


Hardness is an important indicator to measure the quality of rock drill bits. It determines the wear resistance and service life of rock drill bits during rock drilling. The higher the hardness of rock drill bits, the stronger its ability to resist wear and impact. Common hardness assessment methods include Rockwell hardness testing and Brinell hardness testing. These tests allow us to gauge the hardness distribution and consistency of the rock drill bit, aiding in the assessment of its wear resistance during real-world usage.

Wear resistance

Wear resistance refers to the ability of the rock drill bit to resist wear during the rock drilling process. Drill bits with good wear resistance can maintain good shape and dimensional accuracy for a long time and improve rock drilling efficiency. When evaluating wear resistance, we can analyze the wear data from simulated rock drilling tests or actual use. At the same time, factors such as the material composition, heat treatment process, and surface treatment technology of the drill bit will also affect its wear resistance.

Impact resistance

The rock drill bit needs to withstand the reaction force from the rock during the rock drilling process, so impact resistance is also an important indicator to evaluate its performance. Drill bits with good impact resistance can maintain structural stability under high-intensity impacts and reduce the risk of breakage and damage. When judging impact resistance, we can analyze impact data obtained from impact tests or real-world usage.

Factors affecting the service life of rock drill bits

rock drill bits

Rock properties

The hardness of the rock, the degree of joint development, and the mineral composition will all affect the service life of the rock drill bit. For example, when drilling in hard rock, the drill bit wears out quickly, so you need to choose a drill bit with better wear resistance. When drilling in soft rock, you need to pay attention to the impact resistance and drilling efficiency of rock drill bits.

Working environment

Factors such as temperature, humidity, and dust in the working environment will also affect the service life of the rock drill bit. For example, when working in a high-temperature environment, the thermal expansion of the drill bit may cause its size to change, thereby affecting the rock drilling effect. When working in a humid environment, the drill bit is susceptible to corrosion and reduces its service life.

Operation method

The operator’s skill level and operating habits will also have an impact on the service life of the rock drill bit. For example, incorrect operating methods may cause uneven stress on the drill head, resulting in wear or breakage.

Measures to improve the service life of rock drill bits

rock drill bits

Reasonable selection of drill bit type

Select the appropriate type of rock drill bit according to engineering needs and rock properties to increase its service life. For example, when drilling in hard rock, you can choose a drill bit with better wear resistance; when drilling in soft rock, you can select a drill bit with better impact resistance.

Regular maintenance

Regularly inspect and maintain the rock drill bit, such as cleaning oil stains and checking wear and tear to ensure it is in good working condition. Simultaneously, it’s crucial to promptly replace heavily worn drill bits to prevent any compromise in working efficiency and safety.

Improve operating methods

Operators should master the correct operating methods to avoid unnecessary wear and impact. For example, in the process of rock drilling, they should maintain a stable propelling speed and strength and avoid sudden acceleration or deceleration, which leads to uneven force on the drill bit.

Optimize working environment

Improving working environment conditions, such as lowering temperature and reducing humidity and dust, can help extend the service life of rock drill bits. Meanwhile, for projects with harsh working environments, we can take appropriate protective measures to reduce the wear and corrosion of the drill bits.


Evaluating the performance and service life of rock drill bits requires overall consideration from many aspects. In practical applications, we can choose appropriate evaluation methods and indicators based on specific needs and conditions, to better select and use rock drill bits, improve project efficiency, and reduce costs. At the same time, by taking reasonable maintenance measures and improving operating methods, the service life of the rock drill bit can be further extended, providing an effective guarantee for the smooth progress of the project.

Picture of Kelleg


Your reliable partner in the field of geotechnical engineering.

Get "Kelleg Company Profile and Product Brochure" now

  • 20.9Mb, we will send it to your email after submitting.
  • Your email information is absolutely safe, and we will not disclose it to third parties for any reason.

Can't get enough?

Get all latest news, exclusive offers and updates on new arrivals.



We will contact you within 1 working day, please pay attention to the email suffix “