Development of Rock Drill Bits for Hydraulic Rock Drill Jumbos

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The increasing adoption of hydraulic drill jumbos in construction, particularly in fields like tunnels and mines, signifies a trend towards greater efficiency and mechanization. The rock drill bit is a crucial component of hydraulic drill jumbo and plays an important role in the overall construction process.

The rock drill bit is instrumental in breaking and penetrating the rock or other materials, facilitating excavation, and enabling the hydraulic drill jumbo to advance through the designated areas. The design, quality, and efficiency of the rock drill bit significantly impact the performance and productivity of the entire hydraulic drill jumbo system. As construction methods evolve and demand for efficiency rises, advancements and innovations in rock drill bit technology become increasingly crucial to meet the challenges of modern construction projects.

Development of rock drill bits for hydraulic drill jumbos

Since the introduction of hydraulic rock drills, the drill bits used with them have also undergone continuous development and improvement, from cross bits and X bits to button bits. Nowadays, the button bit has become the main type of drill bit for hydraulic rock drills, and a relatively complete product series has also been formed in terms of bit structure. Because of the development of hydraulic rock drills, famous foreign rock drilling tools manufacturers still attach great importance to the research of button bits. For example, they have done a lot of research on the design of button structure, the arrangement of the powder discharge groove, the arrangement of the flushing water holes, the matching of gauge and center button as well as the geometry of drill bits and the shape of tungsten carbide button, and have also achieved some experience and results.

Rock drill bit is a tool that works under impact dynamic loads, and its working conditions and stress conditions are all dynamically changing. Therefore, the research and development on the button bit has also experienced a process of continuous improvement.

Button bit for tunneling jumbo

rock drill bit

To make the hydraulic tunneling jumbo achieve rapid rock drilling, a series of performance characteristics are required for button bit,such as strong toughness and wear resistance of carbide button, high strength of drill bit steel, effective rock breaking by the arrangement of a button, and the location of flushing water hole and powder discharge slot to adapt to the fast exclusion of rock chips. After the appearance of SR threaded rods and Alpha threaded rods, foreign rock drilling tools companies have also launched several matching button bits.

Atlas Copco’s drill bit for SR threaded rod is called “focus” drill bit, with a diameter range of 33 mm-54 mm. When Sandvik first launched the Alpha threaded rod in 2003, the drill bit is called “CAPP Black Label” drill bit. At the beginning of 2007, Sandvik introduced a new version of Alpha threaded rod with the RT300 series.

Button bits for open-cutting drill jumbo and mining jumbo

rock drill bits

Open-cutting drill jumbos and mining jumbos use the extension rod to drill medium-deep holes, usually with a diameter range of 76 mm to 102 mm, up to 152 mm, and a depth of 20 m to 30 m. Nowadays, most open-cutting drill jumbos are equipped with high-power and high-torque hydraulic rock drills, and the drilling speed is about 1.5 m/min. There are higher requirements on the overall strength of drill bit, the wear resistance of carbide button, the straightness of drill hole, and the performance of the rapid discharge of rock debris. In recent years, foreign rock drilling tools manufacturers have made many improvements to drill bits for open-cutting drill jumbo, especially the drill bit with a diameter of 89 mm or more, in terms of the structure of the carbide button, button shape selection, the shape and arrangement of the air holes and powder discharge slots, etc. These improvements have also achieved good results.

The evolution of rock drill bits for hydraulic drill jumbos has traversed multiple stages of development. In the current, these drill bits predominantly incorporate heat treatment technology and precise processing equipment. This technological advancement has resulted in significant improvements in the attributes of strength, toughness, and wear resistance for rock drill bits. We can see that it has matured in design and manufacture.

In short, the development process of rock drill bits for hydraulic drill jumbos reflects the trajectory of human technological progress and industrial innovation. From early simple designs to efficient, environmentally friendly, and intelligent designs, the development of rock drill bits not only improves drilling efficiency but also pays attention to the impact on the environment and the utilization of resources. We have reason to believe that with the continuous advancement of science and technology and the continuous promotion of the spirit of innovation, rock drill bits for hydraulic drill jumbos will continue to lead the development of this industry and create more economic and social value.

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